NR 507 Midterm Exam (Version 8 Solutions)

1. Question: Infants are most susceptible to significant losses in total body water because of an infant’s:

2. Question: The drug heparin acts in hemostasis by which processes?

3. Question: Which cells have phagocytic properties similar to monocytes and contract like smooth muscles cells, thereby influencing the glomerular filtration rate?

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4. Question: Erythrocyte life span of less than 120 days, ineffective bone marrow response to erythropoietin, and altered iron metabolism describe the pathophysiologic characteristics of which type of anemia?

5. Question: Which blood cell type is elevated at birth but decreases to adult levels during the first year of life?

6. Question: Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is associated with which type of hypersensitivity reaction?

7. Question: Which drug may be prescribed orally for outbreak management of herpes simplex viral (HSV) infections?

8. Question: Which substance has been shown to increase the risk of cancer when used in combination with tobacco smoking?

9. Question: An infant’s hemoglobin must fall below ___ g/dl before signs of pallor, tachycardia, and systolic murmurs occur.

10. Question: How high does the plasma glucose have to be before the threshold for glucose is achieved?

11. Question: Which disorder results in decreased erythrocytes and platelets with changes in leukocytes and has clinical manifestations of pallor, fatigue, petechiae, purpura, bleeding, and fever?

12. Question: Deficiencies in which element can produce depression of both B- and T-cell function?

13. Question: Apoptosis is a(an):

14. Question: The only surface inside the nephron where cells are covered with microvilli to increase the reabsorptive surface area is called the:

15. Question: The coronary ostia are located in the:

16. Question: Causes of hyperkalemia include:

17. Question: Why is nasal congestion a serious threat to young infants?

18. Question: Continuous increases in left ventricular filing pressures result in which disorder?

19. Question: What is the first stage in the infectious process?

20. Question: Which type of immunity is produced by an individual after either natural exposure to the antigen or after immunization against the antigen?

21. Question: What are the abnormalities in cytokines found in children with cystic fibrosis (CF)?

22. Question: What substance stimulates renal hydroxylation in the process of producing vitamin D?

23. Question: When a patient has small, vesicular lesions that last between 10 and 20 days, which sexually transmitted infection is suspected?

24. Question: Which organ is stimulated during the alarm phase of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS)?

25. Question: Which primary characteristic is unique for the immune response?

26. Question: What is the fundamental physiologic manifestation of anemia?

27. Question: Hypersensitivity is best defined as a(an):

28. Question: What is the life span of an erythrocyte (in days)?

29. Question: The risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) decreases for premature infants when they are born between how many weeks of gestation?

30. Question: Research supports the premise that exercise has a probable impact on reducing the risk of which cancer?

31. Question: Which immunoglobulin (Ig) is present in childhood asthma?

32. Question: Causes of hyperkalemia include:

33. Question: An individual is more susceptible to infections of mucous membranes when he or she has a seriously low level of which immunoglobulin antibody?

34. Question: What is the primary site for uncomplicated local gonococci infections in men?

35. Question: Decreased lung compliance means that the lungs are demonstrating which characteristic?

36. Question: Which organism is a common sexually transmitted bacterial infection?

37. Question: The Papanicolaou (Pap) test is used to screen for which cancer?

38. Question: What is the ratio of coronary capillaries to cardiac muscle cells?

39. Question: Which laboratory test is considered adequate for an accurate and reliable diagnosis of gonococcal urethritis in a symptomatic man?

40. Question: What is the role of collagen in the clotting process?

41. Question: Fetal hematopoiesis occurs in which structure?

42. Question: The glomerular filtration rate is directly related to which factor?

43. Question: What is the primary problem resulting from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn?

44. Question: What is the trigone?

45. Question: Which hormone is synthesized and secreted by the kidneys?

46. Question: Which hepatitis virus is known to be sexually transmitted?

47. Question: What is the functional unit of the kidney called?

48. Question: A person with type O blood is considered to be the universal blood donor because type O blood contains which of the following?

49. Question: Which hormone is required for water to be reabsorbed in the distal tubule and collecting duct?

50. Question: Low plasma albumin causes edema as a result of a reduction in which pressure?

51. Question: The most common site of metastasis for a patient diagnosed with prostate cancer is which location?

52. Question: How is most of the oxygen in the blood transported?

53. Question: What is the direct action of atrial natriuretic hormone?

54. Question: What is the purpose of the spirometry measurement?

55. Question: Carcinoma in situ is characterized by which changes?

56. Question: If the sinoatrial (SA) node fails, then at what rate (depolarizations per minute) can the atrioventricular (AV) node depolarize?

57. Question: What effects do exercise and body position have on renal blood flow?

58. Question: What is the major concern regarding the treatment of gonococci infections?

59. Question: Innervation of the bladder and internal urethral sphincter is supplied by which nerves?

60. Question: Which congenital heart defects occur in trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and Down syndrome?

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