wk3 d1 res1 shan


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Culture is defined as shared values that are specific to a group of people. Culture is made up of beliefs and values that shape individuals’ morality, manner, and norms. Culture can influence an individual by teaching them what is right from wrong, and how to be an adult (rite of passage), such as a bar mitzvahs (boys), bat mitzvahs (girls), and Quinceañera. Culture also emphasizes values which are core principles taught to individuals on respect, honesty, and kindness and humility, etc.

Culture plays a large role in an individual’s community and public health by affecting their perception of how they express illness, who the patients tend to seek help from, and the type of treatment they prefer. Culture influences a person’s perception of health by whether they are aware of the germ theory, if they believe in fatalism, or if they believe in supernatural forces. If the individuals believe in supernatural forces, then they do not seek help from medical personnel, but from priest, shrines, and other entities who perform spiritual ceremonies and provide medicinal herbs as treatment (White, 2015). If the individuals are fatalists, they believe whatever is happening to them is fated, therefore refusing treatment, thus resulting in health deterioration. I experienced this sad reality from my grandmother who died of breast cancer, she wholesomely believed that God would cure her of cancer, and she refused to use any medical treatment. However, God was able to take away the pain, because she felt no pain while her health deteriorated, but without any medical treatments to assist her faith, she just withered away. She lived 10 years with cancer with no form of medication or an ounce of treatment, just her faith.

Health behavior changes are the efforts healthcare personnel place on changing individuals’ behavior or habits to prevent diseases, such as cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases, etc. However, sometimes, there are barriers that prevent healthcare personnel from improving or changing these behaviors, such as religion, language or beliefs. Therefore, a way public health can aide in changing health behavior is by enforcing cultural competency. Cultural Competency is the ability to understand, communicate, and interact with individuals from various cultures to meet their needs. Cultural Competency is important because it enables healthcare providers the ability to provide care to patients who have culturally diverse background by showing respect and understanding to improve the patient’s health. Therefore, the patients will develop trust in their healthcare providers and work with them to help initiate or improve a health behavior change (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality [AHRQ], 2016).

Cultural Competency is important to public health because it helps to reduce health disparities by training healthcare providers about knowledge and attitudes towards diversity and teaching them how to reduce stereotyping and stigmatization (Butler et al., 2016) (AHRQ, 2016). These acts will improve access to health services, therefore, allowing the patients to have more utilization of health services such as interpreters. (AHRQ, 2016). Some of the challenges public health professionals face are limited training opportunities for health care personnel depending on where the facilities are located (low-income, rural, and underserved communities). This situation can be fixed if the cultural competency was a mandatory training course funded by the government. Also, another challenge is inadequate provider-patient communication interaction due to language barriers caused by patients who refuse interpreter services.


Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). (2016). Improving Cultural Competence to Reduce Health Disparities for Priority Populations. Retrieved from https://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/sites/default/files/pdf/cultural-competence_research-protocol.pdf

Butler, M., McCreedy, E., Schwer, N., Burgess, D., Call, K., Przedworski, J., … Kane, L. R. (2016). Improving Cultural Competence to Reduce Health Disparities. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK361126/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK361126.pdf

White, P. (2015). The concept of diseases and health care in African traditional religion in Ghana. HTS Theological Studies, 71(3), 1-7. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/HTS.V71I3.2762

Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least two references and a minimum of 200 words….. .(The List of References should not be older than 2016 and should not be included in the word count.)

  • Ask a probing question.
  • Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.
  • Offer and support an opinion.

  • Validate an idea with your own experience.
  • Make a suggestion.
  • Expand on your colleague’s posting.


Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class

To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.


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